List of phases


The SWALIM Phase V began in February 2013 to October 2017, it builds on previous phases to empower Somali stakeholders and facilitate the active use of SWALIM assets, systems and services in the decision-making process. The focus of the phase was to ensure that  those responsible for sustainable natural resources management, planning, investment, disaster preparedness/response and resilience building are empowered through the use of FAO‐SWALIM information resources on water, land resources and early warning. The capacity of Somali public institutions and other stakeholders werebe further strengthened, developed and consolidated to facilitate the eventual transfer of project activities to the relevant Somali authorities. A key component of this phase was to develop and implement a clear Information, Communication and Knowledge Management (ICKM) Strategy which can serve as a model for Somali efforts.

Phase V was developed with 5 important links in mind:

  • Link to Millennium Development Goals -The project addresses MDGs 1 and 7, pertaining to food security and environmental sustainability respectively.
  • Link to Country Programming Framework / FAO strategy for Somalia -Somalia does not have a Country Programming Framework (CPF). However a six pillar policy framework identified as the foundation for a new beginning for Somalia  by the Federal Government plays a role in the project's activities. The project will contribute to the realization of the new policy framework, especially in the areas of economic recovery and service delivery, through the generation and maintenance of crucial water and land information and developing the capacity of Somali institutions to sustainably develop the fragile water and land resources without which the six pillars cannot stand. In addition, the project will provide a wide array of information to support the the implementation of the FAO Somalia strategy, in line with the FAO Strategic Objectives. The aim of the FAO strategy for Somalia is to improve the food security and livelihoods of the Somali people.
  • Link to EU strategy for Somalia - The EU agenda for change includes a focus on helping reduce developing countries' exposure to global shocks such as climate change, ecosystem and resource degradation, and volatile and escalating energy and agricultural prices by concentrating investment in sustainable agriculture and energy. The project will support the achievement of RDP and EU strategic objectives in Somalia by providing relevant information that informs the interventions and by helping build the capacity of Somali institutions.
  • Link to Somalia Joint Resilience Strategy - Following recent humanitarian crises in the Horn of Africa, FAO, WFP and UNICEF have proposed a joint resilience strategy for Somalia that aims at converging humanitarian and development actions with the aim of building the resilience of the affected and targeted population in the medium and long term. The strategy highlights the critical role of information and knowledge management for resource use regulation and protection, informed planning, policy development and early warning. The project will therefore contribute to the implementation of the strategy by providing information and developing the capacity of local institutions especially within the productive sector.
  • Link to sector policy and legislation - The project will work closely with relevant institutions to develop their capacity to take an active role in developing water and land policies and ensure that they use the information generated to implement water and land policies and legislation.

Phase IV

Phase IV, which ran from February 2010 to January 2012, aimed at ensuring that available information regarding water and land allows for evidence-based decision-making on emergency, rehabilitation, development and natural resources management interventions.

Phase III

The objectives of Phase III, running from January 2008 to December 2009, were to further develop land and water monitoring networks and resource assessments, and enhance the natural resources management capacity in the country. This effort was aimed primarily at Somali authorities, institutions and other stakeholders in coordination with international players, and strengthened through improved and dedicated information management systems.

Phase II

During Phase II, which ran from October 2004 to September 2007 and built upon the achievements of the first phases, SWALIM’s objective was to compile and make available accurate and up-to-date information on water and land resources to support and enable improved water and food security, as well as to promote the sustainable use of natural resources for the people of Somalia.

Phase I

Phase I of the project (funded by EC) was implemented from June 2003 to February 2004 with the objective of providing a new baseline in water and land information in Somalia. This phase also provided technical assistance to improve the planning and implementation capacity of Somalia Aid Coordination Body (SACB) partners.


The establishment phase of the project was funded through Italian government assistance and aimed to set up the basis for water and land resources management in Somalia. The focus was on recovering and collecting lost, dispersed and damaged information assets from the pre-war period and establishing the infrastructure for managing and expanding upon these assets.