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Deyr 2017 Somalia Rainfall Outlook Bulletin - Issued: 29 August 2017

Normal to below normal rains expected in most parts of Somalia during the Deyr 2017 season. The Deyr rains are usually shorter and less in quantity than the Gu rains. However, they are beneficial in supporting agricultural activities and boosting water availability for different uses. Generally the season starts in late September and ends in November. Nevertheless, this varies from place to place across the country with the northern parts receiving the rains much earlier than the southern parts. The Greater Horn of Africa Climate Outlook Forum (GHACOF) has confirmed a drastic reduction of the chances of experiencing an El Nino event during the September to December rainy season. The rainfall forecast indicates that the Deyr 2017 season in Somalia is expected to be normal (40% probability of normal rains) with a tendency of 35 % probability of below normal rains in most parts of the country. This also includes part of the Ethiopian highlands which contribute significantly to both Juba and Shabelle river flow inside Somalia. Further, the southern coastal regions of Lower Juba and Lower Shabelle are expected to experience normal rains (40% probability of normal rains) with a tendency of 35% above normal rains. This forecast is a consensus forecast designed for a regional audience that addresses the rainfall totals summed over the three-month period from October to December 2017. However, SWALIM and other technical partners will keep updating this forecast  for shorter lead time periods and will share with you through the regular bulletins throughout the rainfall season. Given the existing conditions and the rainfall forecast, problems related to water scarcity are likely to persist especially in the northern parts of the country where the previous three rainy seasons were below normal. There is also potential for human-livestock conflicts over limited water resources in these areas. Close monitoring of the situation and contingency measures are necessary in order to adequately cope with the situation. However, flash floods cannot be ruled out as well as river line flooding due to weak river embankments and artificial river bank breakages for irrigation purposes. Increased water supply is expected in areas where normal rains will be experienced. In such cases, communities should take advantage of the rains to harvest rain-water for future use, using simple technologies. On the other hand, in case of depressed rains replenishing of the surface water points may be minimal and therefore communities should use the available resources sparingly.

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Saadaasha Roob di’idda Soomaaliya ee Deyrta 2017

Roobabka deyrtu inta badan waa ka gaaban yihiin kana tiro yar yihiin kuwa Guga. Hase ahaatee, waxay waxtar u yihiin taageeridda hawlaha waxsoosarka beeraha, daaqa iyo sare kaca biyo u helidda isticmaallada kala duwan. Guud ahaan xilligu wuxuu bilowdaa daba yaaqada Sabteembar wuxuuna dhammaadaa Nofeembar.Si kasta oo ay ahaataba, waa iska bedbedelaa meel ka meel dhammaan dalka iyadoo ay qaybaha Waqooyi roobabka helaan waqti aad uga horreeya qaybaha koofureed. Shirka wacaalka Saadaasha Cimilada Geeska Afrikada Weyn wuxuu xaqiijiyey inuu hoos u dhac ku yimid fursadda lagula kulmayo dacdo El Nino ah inta lagu jiro bilaha Sebteembar ilaa Diseembar. Saadaasha roob di’iddu waxay muujineysa in xilliga Deyrta ee Soomaaliya laga filanayo uu noqonayo mid caadi ah (40% qiyaastii roobabku waa caadi) iyadoo loo badinyo inay suurtogal tahay in 35% ay roobabku caadiga ka hooseyaan badi qaybaha dalka. Tan waxaa sidoo kale ka mid ah qaybo ka tirsan buuraleyda sare ee Itoobiya oo biyo ku biiriya webiyada Juba iyo Shabeelle ee gudaha Soomaaliya. Waxaa intaa dheer, Gobollo xeebeedka Jubada Hoose iyo Shabeellaha Hoose ayaa waxaa la filayaa in ay la kulmaan roobab caadi ah (40% qiyaastii roobab caadi ah) oo laga yaabo in 35% ay noqdaan wax korreeya roobabka caadiga. Saadaashani waa saadal la isku afgartay oo loogu talagalay dhageysteyaasha gobolka oo wax ka qabta roobabka wadar ahaan marka isugeeyo muddada saddexda bilood oo ka bilaabmaya Oktoobar ilaa Diseembar 2017. Hase yeeshee, SWALIM iyo la-hawlgaleyaasha kale ee farsameed waxay sii wadi doonaa waafajinta saadaashaan muddooyinka gaagaaban ee soo socda oo waa ay idin lawadaagi doona iyagoo ku soo gudbin doona jariidadaha joogtada ah inta xilli roobaadku uu socdo. Marka la eego xaaladaha jira iyo saadaasha roob di’idda, waxaa la yaabaa in dhibaatooyin la xiriira biyo yaraan ay ka sii socdaan gaar ahaan qaybaha Waqooyi ee dalka halkaasoo saddexdii xilli roobaad ee hore ay ahaayeen kuwo ka hooseeya heerka caadiga ah. Waxaa sidoo kale jira suurtogal ahaansha qulqulatooyin u dhexeeya bani’aadan-xoolo oo isaga hor imaanaya ilaha biyaha xaddidan oo meelahaas ka jira. Kormeer si dhow loogula socdo xaaladda iyo tallaabooyin wax lagu bedelayo ayaa lagama maarmaan u ah sidii si waxkuool ah wax looga qabto xaaladda. Si kastaba ha ahaatee, meesha lagama saari daadadka butaaca oo ka dhaca iyo sidoo kale khadka webiga fataahaya oo sababtu tahay gebiyada webiga oo daciif iyo daamanka webiga oo loo jebiyo iyadoo looga dan leeyahay in waraab loo adeegsado. Waxaa laga filayaa in biyo ka helitaanku ka kordho meelaha roobabku ay caadi ka yihiin. Xaaladaha noocaas ah, waa in bulshooyinku ay ka faa’ideystaan roobabka oo hoor-qabsadaan marka ay da’ayaan si ay mustaqbalka u isticmaalaan, iyagoo adeegsanaya farsamooyin fudud. Dhanka kale, hadii ay jiraan roobab hoos u dhacsan waxaa laga yaabaa in dib-u-buuxsamidda meelaha ilaha biyaha dhusha sare ah ay yaraato sidaas awgeed bulshooyinku waa inay khayraadyada biyaha la haysto u isticmaalaan si beekhamin/tashiil leh.

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The SWALIM Update Issue 13

Welcome to yet another edition of the SWALIM Update, in this edition we cover; SWALIM Runs Webinar on Land and Water Data Collection Using Low Cost Smartphones in Somalia, SWALIM Maps Prosopis invaded areas in Somaliland, Impacts of river breakages monitoring on communities along Shabelle River, SWALIM Supports the Drought Operation & Coordination Centre (DOCC) in Mogadishu, Monitoring of Charcoal Production in South Central Somalia and the Use of Live Map for Water Sources Information Access in Drought Response.

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Gu 2017 Rainfall Performance Bulletin

Somalia is in the second year of a severe drought the kind that is increasingly likely as the climate warms. Somali communities were looking forward to a relief from the Gu 2017 rainfall season but the devastating drought conditions meant that the country experienced yet another below-average season affecting the recovery of the key livelihood sectors; agricultural and livestock. So far, drought conditions continues to affect Somalia; a situation that may persist until the next rainy season in October. The Gu rainy season was generally poor in most parts of the country except some places in Puntland and Somaliland that saw good rains during the month of May. The southern regions of Middle Juba, Lower Juba and southern Bay also recorded good rains during the months of May and June. Regions that recorded very poor rains include Mududg, Galgaduud, Hiraan, Middle Shabelle, Lower Shabelle, Bakool, Gedo and southern parts of Bay (Map 1). The Gu rains were sporadic and scattered. In March, a few pockets of Somaliland recorded good rains followed by a long dry period until end of April when the rains started in most parts albeit very late. The rains then spread in space, time and quantity in May. While many parts continued to receive rains until the last week of May, there was an early cessation of the rains in many parts of south and central regions except South of Bay and Middle and Lower Juba regions that continued to receive rains in June. Even with the rains, most parts of the country remain under drought conditions with the impacts being felt across the country. More rains are required to end the ongoing drought in the country and the drought situation is expected to continue until the coming Deyr season in October. It is important to note that only 20% to 40% of the ground water sources have been sufficiently recharged throughout the country. The rest remain water stressed. The rains, though poorly distributed, eased stress levels for the livestock sector due to regrowth of pasture, which provided grazing lands. Areas with below normal rains also saw regrowth of pasture, but may not last until the next season expected in October. If El Niño predictions for late 2017 prove correct, Deyr rainfall in Somalia could be substantial. Most climate models gives the El Niño event a 45 percent chance of returning in 2017. El Niño events tends to cause enhanced rainfall events in Somalia, generally cool temperatures and lots of run-off, which would be good for both ground and surface water recharge in the country.

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Somalia Rainfall Forecast 09-06-2017

There has been a significant reduction of rainfall activities across Somalia over the last one week marking a possible end of the Gu rainy season in many parts of the country. Little or no rains are foreseen in the country in the next one week. Following the reduction of rainfall activities within the Juba and Shabelle River basins both in Ethiopia and Somalia, river levels have been decreasing gradually and are expected to stabilize in the coming week. There is no foreseen risk of flooding along the two rivers.

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Somalia Rainfall Update - March to 04 May 2017

The Gu rainy season kicked off in the last week of March in some areas of Somaliland including southern parts of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed and Togdheer regions. The March rains were poorly distributed in terms of space and time, but provided an immediate relief to water stressed areas. The month of April saw a reduction of rainfall activities with most stations recording below normal rains for the month. There was a relief in the last week of April when heavy rains were observed in many areas. A few stations continued to receive rains in the beginning of May especially in Togdheer region. In general, despite the good short lived rains, the amounts so far received in Somaliland are below average and not adequate to support the current water stress in the area. More rains with good distribution are required to end water scarcity. The Forecast for the coming two weeks calls for continued rains in the area especially in Woqooyi Galbeed and Togdheer regions. River levels along the two rivers inside Somalia have subsequently been rising since the last two weeks with the rising trend set to continue in the coming weeks.

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Somalia Rainfall Forecast 17-05-2017

The northern parts of he country and coastal areas in the south will continue to receive rains in the next three days. The rainfall forecast for the coming week is pointing towards moderate to heavy rains in the basins both in the Ethiopian highlands and inside Somalia. Many areas in Puntland and Somaliland will also continue to receive rains during this period

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Somalia Rainfall Forecast 09-05-2017

Light to moderate rains continued to be received in a few places across the country in the last two days. The rains are expected to continue in most parts of the country in the next seven days. The rainfall forecast for the coming week (Map 2), indicates moderate to heavy rains in Somaliland and Puntland. Light to moderate rains are foreseen in the southern parts while central regions are expected to remain dry during the same period. The Ethiopian highlands are also expected to continue receiving rains during the same period. This is will turn lead to a further increase in river levels along the Juba and Shabelle Rivers. Riverine flooding has been reported in Middle reaches of the Shabelle River due to existing open river banks and weak river embankments. There remains a moderate risk of flooding in middle and lower reaches of Shabelle. No risk of flooding is foreseen along the Juba. Users are advised that this is a forecast and at times there may be discrepancies between forecast and actual amounts of rainfall received.

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Somalia Flood Watch Bulletin 19-05-2017

The northern parts of he country and coastal areas in the south will continue to receive light rains in the next three days. The rainfall forecast for the coming week is pointing towards heavy rains in Nugaal, South of Sool and north of Mudug regions. Other regions in the north will receive light to moderate rains. The upper parts of Ethiopian highlands and southern coastal areas of Somalia are expected to receive moderate rains. Little or no rains are expected in central and inland southern regions of the country during the forecast period.

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Saadaasha Roob-da’idda Soomaaliya 09-05-2017

Labadii maalmood oo u dambeeyey ayaa waxaa sii socday roobab fudud ilaa kuwo dhexdhexaad ah oo ka da’ay dhawr meelood oo dalka ku kala yaal. Roobabka waxaa la filayaa in ay toddobada maalin ee na soo xiga ka sii socdaan gudaha qaybo badan oo dalka ka tirsan. Saadaasha roob da’idda ee toddobaadka soo aadan (Khariirad 2), waxay muujineysaa in roobab dhexdhexaad ah ilaa kuwo culus ay ka jiri doona gudaha Soomaaliland iyo Puntland. Waxaa gudaha qaybaha koonfureed laga filayaa roobab fudud ilaa kuwo dhexdhexaad ah halka gobollada dhexe la filayo in ay isla muddadaas ahaadaan qalayl. Buuraleyda sare Itoobiya ayaa sidoo kale iyagana la filayaa inay sii ka socdaan roobabka da’aya isla muddadaas inta lagu jiro. Tani ayaa markeeda horseedi doonta inay sii kordhaan heerarka biyaha gudaha webiyada Juba iyo Shabeelle. Fatahaado webi ayaa laga soo sheegay aagga bartamaha webi Shabeelle taas oo ay ugu wacan tahay dacallo furan iyo gebiyada oo tag daran. Weli waxaa halkaas ka jira halis fatahaad dhexdhexaad ah qaybaha dhexe iyo xagga hoose ee webiga Shabeelle. Ma jirto wax halis fatahaad ah oo laga filayo jiidda webi Juba. Isticmaaleyaash xogtaan waxaa loo sheegayaa inay waxaani yihiin saadaal oo ay dhici karto in mararka qaar ay wax isweydaartaan saadaasha iyo xaqiiqda qadarka roobka la helay.

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